Cairo University

Brief description of organization: The Conservation Department of the faculty of archaeology (CDCU) was created in 1975; it was the first institution not only in the country but also in the whole Arabian countries to be concerned with the conservation of cultural heritage. Since then the graduates of the conservation department took the responsibility of the care, the conservation of the national cultural heritage and the dissemination of their knowledge in the neighbouring Arabian countries such as Yemen and Saudi Arabia. CDCU is a higher education institution that plays an important role in teaching conservation of monuments and museum objects and undertaking conservation researches in one hand and the collaboration with both national and international conservation projects and excavation missions in the other hand.

Brief description of tasks attributed: CDCU will study the effect of earthquakes in the deterioration of ancient building in old cities such as Cairo. In particular, methods for solving the problems of destroyed and cracked walls, floors and ceilings, which contains mural painting- mosaics-decorative ceilings, or to prevent such damage, will be developed. The developed methodology can be extended to similar structural types in the Mediterranean basin and beyond. Also the effect of earthquakes in pharaonic and Ptolemaic tombs and temples which contains decorative walls will be tackled. The integrated approaches to be developed will consider the interaction between immovable (the building) and movable (the works of art) CH assets. Descriptive reports on earthquake-induced failure mechanisms on the Egyptian CH can be prepared and provided according to the work plan. Information about the construction types and materials on Egyptian monuments can also be provided. Selection of case studies and application of innovated materials and methods can also be undertaken. The main activities thus cover WP3; WP4; WP5; WP9. Furthermore, CDCU will also work on dissemination of the project end products and impact assessment of the proposed methods and materials (WP2) in Egypt and neighbouring Arabian countries. At least two training activities are foreseen, covering the aspect of the use of laser 3D for documentation of CH and monitoring of earthquake induced effects and preventive conservation in CH against earthquakes.

Previous experience relevant to tasks attributed: CDCU has been working in Field of conservation of ancient Egyptian tomb - Temple monastery - mosque and Islamic houses (Giza-Saquara-Loxer-Islamic Cairo, etc) for more than 20 years, especially for conservation and reconstruction of walls which contains mural painting- mosaics -decorative ceiling. The multidisciplinary staff is composed by people with experience in the field of conservation, materials, to structural engineering. CDCU has been involved in several EU funded projects: PAPERTECH (INCO-CT-2004-509095); MIDSTONE with SCA, MIDCOLOR.

Short profile of staff members: Prof. Mona Fouad Alì received her BA in 1982 and MA in the same discipline in 1989 with the highest marks. PhD in Conservation & Restoration of Antiquities in 1994. Assistant professor at the University of Cairo since 1999. She is currently Head of Conservation Dept. in the Faculty of Archaeology and Director of the Conservation Centre. Since 1987 she has carried out and supervised more than 30 research projects on the conservation and restoration of various types of work of art (frescoes, wall paintings, mosaics, wood structures, etc.) with application on real CH structures. She has carried out teaching activities at Cairo University, the Fayome Branch&El Menia University, Alexandria University. She has published several papers in International Conferences and Journals She has participated in several international activities: ICR-Rome; 14th International Course on the Technology of Stone Conservation (ICCROM-UNESCO); and scientific mission: Moscow (2004), China (2006), Bosnia (2007), Warsaw Poland (2008). Permanent member of the Committee of the conservation of paintings in the Supreme Council of Antiquities since 1995. Member in Supreme Council of Culture since 2007 and in Supreme Council of Antiquities since 2008. Dr. Wafaa Mohamed Associate Professor of conservation of antiquities since 2006. In addition to her teaching activities is currently working as the Head of the quality assurance unit at the Faculty of Archaeology in Cairo University. Dr. Bassam Mohamed: Lecturer in Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology - Cairo University. Received his BA in 1992 in Architectural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering - Cairo University, his MA in Restoration & Conservation of Historic Building in 1999 from the Department of Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, and his Ph.D. in 2007 in Restoration & Conservation of Historic Building from the same Department. Dr. Abu Bakr Mossa: Lecturer in Conservation - Department of Conservation - Faculty of Archaeology - Cairo University. Received his BA in 1998 in Restoration & Conservation of Antiquities from the Department of Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, his MA in Restoration & Conservation of Antiquities (Wall Paintings, 2001) the same Department; and his Ph.D. in Restoration & Conservation of Antiquities (Wall Paintings, 2007) from the Faculty of Science, Aristotle University of Thessalonica, Greece. He Participated in about seven international and local conferences on restoration and conservation of cultural heritage and have more than ten researches and papers published in conferences and international scientific journals. Dr. Mahmud Abdel Hafez: Assistant Lecturer in Conservation - Department of Conservation - Faculty of Archaeology - Cairo University. Received his BA in 2000 in Restoration & Conservation of Antiquities from the Department of Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University; his MA in 2007 in Restoration & Conservation of Historic Adobe the same Department. Ahmed Ebed: Conservator in SCA since 1989, general secretary of Dr. Hawas office.