Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics
Brief description of organization: The Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ITAM) of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic) has been supported since 2000 as a European Centre of Excellence ARCCHIP (Advanced Research Centre for Cultural Heritage Interdisciplinary Projects) under 5th EC FP (INCO Programme). About 30 research workers, 12 PhD students and 30 technicians in the Institute are engaged in problems related mostly to civil and structural engineering with a strong focus on historic materials and structures. The Institute is located in Prague and has a detached laboratory in Telč – a World Heritage City – and in both localities as well as on several other important cultural heritage objects also monitoring and similar specifically tailored programmes studying cultural heritage sustainability take place. Appropriately equipped laboratories and test sites with database infrastructure are available.
Brief description of tasks attributed: ITAM is leading work package 10 on preparation of guidelines. ITAM’s main contribution is to investigate the experimental behaviour of brick and stone masonry materials subjected to seismic actions and to deterioration due to several environmental conditions and define strategies for interventions. It will work on technology for repair and “self-healing” of damaged materials (especially mortars) and “external” strengthening of masonry by combination of 3D timber framing in a “softly” reversible system, involving WP4; WP5 and WP6. ITAM will be also involved in WP2; 7; 9.
Previous experience relevant to tasks attributed:
ITAM was a partner in numerous international projects, e.g. EC 5th FP Craft Project HISTO-CLEAN on control of (laser) cleaning of historic surfaces – partner, RTD supplier; EC 5th FP INCO Project ARCCHIP facilitating EU and NAS countries scientific collaboration – coordinator; COST Action C14 – Impact of wind and storm on city life and built environment – partner; two US(NSF) - Czech projects on In-Situ Evaluation of Historic Wood Buildings – partner; EC 5th FP Project ONSITEFORMASONRY on on/site investigation techniques for the structural evaluation of historic masonry buildings; ARI 2004 – CIBHER – (study of surface treatment on moisture and temperature penetration into limestone elements in Climatic Wind Tunnel Jules Verne CSTB Nantes); EC 6th FP Projects: NOAH’SARK on Climate change effects on cultural heritage – partner; CULTSTRAT on Air pollution effects on historic materials and objects – partner; I-SAMCO on monitoring of structural response to environmental loads – partner in a network; PICTURE on effects of tourism on historical environment especially urban areas – partner; SAUVEUR Project on organization of the 7th EC Conference on Cultural Heritage Research – coordinator; CHEF Project on Protection of cultural heritage against flood - partner; CHRAF Project promoting cultural heritage research activities within the European Construction Technology Platform (ECTP) – sub-contractor; EC 7th FP Collaborative Project STONECORE on Stone conservation for refurbishment of buildings within the NMP priority.
Short profile of staff members:
Assoc. Professor Eng. DrSc. Miloš F. DRDÁCKÝ (M) is Director of the Institute and specialized in failure analysis of historic materials and structures, monitoring of damages, testing of materials and structures, expert in structural diagnostics and strengthening and in development of experimental methods for cultural heritage research. He is principal author of recent European Parliament Study on Protection of cultural heritage from natural disasters, and published more than 340 academic publications and edited more than twenty books.
Prof. Eng. Ph.D. Bo KASAL (M), Contemporary Head of Hankin Chair of Residential Building Construction, PSU. Analytical modelling and testing of wood structures subjected to natural hazard loads, modelling of nonlinear, non-conservative behaviour, historic buildings, composite hybrid structures (fibre composites-wood-high-performance concrete), application of supercomputers in analysis of hysteretic systems, in-situ evaluations of wood structures.
Eng. Ph.D. Shota URUSHADZE (M), Head of Laboratory for Experimental Mechanics has been involved in long term monitoring programmes of wind induced deformation measurements on TV towers. His research interests include dynamic identification of structural degradation, testing and vibration of bridges, vibration damage assessment of historic masonry, earthquake problems. He is a local coordinator of a new EC Research Fund for Steel and Coal project on fatigue of bridges.
Eng. Ph.D. Stanislav Pospíšil (M), Vice-Director of the Institute and Head of Laboratory of Wind Engineering. Experienced from several EC FP projects, e.g. NOAH´S ARK, CULTSTRAT, I-SAMCO.